7 IT Security Tools Beginners Should Know

The cybersecurity domain over the years has witnessed a massive transformation — both in terms of the ones who are mitigating cyber threats and the wrongdoers. With this change in the ecosystem, more and more people are opting career in cybersecurity.

From online courses to full-time offline courses, people are learning and working day in and out to master the sorcery of cybersecurity. Today, in this article we are going to list out some well-known tools are considered to be the best for the ones who are just getting started with cybersecurity and ethical hacking.   

Here Are The 5 Ethical Hacking Tools Every Beginner Should Know About

Kali Linux OS

When we are talking about things like cybersecurity and ethical hacking, Kali Linux is one of those Operating Systems that every cybersecurity enthusiasts should know. Built specifically for professionals from the domain of cybersecurity, this Linux operating system comes with over 600 tools for performing almost every kind of information security tasks.

That is not all, being a Linux OS, one can use it even without installing it as it comes with a Live feature. So, if you’re someone who has started his/her journey in the cybersecurity industry, then Kali Linux is something you should know.  


An open source security framework, Metasploit provides information about security vulnerabilities and aids in penetration testing and IDS signature development. Also, it is used to develop and execute exploit code against a remote target system. Since the get-go, cybersecurity experts have been using it. Metasploit is designed and developed in such a way that it works on servers, online-based applications, networks, and several other places.


Wireshark is one of the most sought after information security. It is basically a packet analyzer and used for network troubleshooting and analysis. It is capable of assisting to have an eye on even the minutest details of the activities taking place in a network. Over the years, Wireshark has reached such a popularity level that today it is used widely at various levels—from the connection-level information to the pieces that constitute a packet of data.

TOR Browser

Tor is not something that people are not familiar with. Since inception, TOR became one of the most popular software in terms of anonymity. With the development of TOR Browser, the popularity reached a whole new level. Based on “The Onion Router” concept, TOR is capable of keeping a user’s identity anonymous.

The Tor Browser is basically a modified version of the Mozilla Firefox, which was designed and developed in such a way that the browser runs the Tor background processes and routes traffic through the Tor network. That is not all, once the user is done with the session, the browser deletes privacy-sensitive data and the browsing history.


Nmap, which is also known as network mapper, is a free and open-source tool that deals with the network just like Wireshark. However, the tool is not an alternative for that. Nmap is a security scanner and is one of those useful tools that is basically used to discover hosts and services on a network. This open source tool runs on all the major operating systems and is designed in such a way that is can both large and small networks.


Developed by Tenable, Nessus is the world’s most popular vulnerability scanner. Unlike other tools that are mentioned, it is not a completely free tool, however, it is still one of the most popular in the cyber security domain. Nessus is used to scans for loopholes that attackers may exploit to cause damage to an organisation’s IT infrastructure.

Burp Suite

A product of PortSwigger, Burp Suite is without a doubt one of the most widely used tools when it comes to checking the security of web-based applications. Burp suite consists of various other tools that are used to carry out different security tests. Its web application crawler accurately maps content and functionality, automatically handling sessions, state changes, volatile content, and application logins.

It is designed in such a way that it covers over 100 generic vulnerabilities — whether its SQL injection or cross-site scripting (XSS) or any other vulnerability.



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